Since thousand years past civilisations have been inhabiting in the regions close to rivers for surviving their lives. Rivers gave life with their waters to Mesopotamia, Nile Valley and Anatolia - cradles of civilisations. People living there had always made use of rivers for growing their products, hunting their fishes providing them with nutrition and providing their transportation.

It is impossible to think of Aegean Sea separately from the rivers meeting with it. These rivers feeding from inside of Small Asia are witnessing history, wars and fate of civilisations and continue meeting with Aegean Sea for thousand years.

None of these rivers is similar to the other. Each of them has its own own story legends. One of these rivers is Buyuk Menderes river which is the biggest stream flowing to Aegean Sea. Buyuk Menderes takes its name from Meandroswho is son of Tethysand Okeanos. The places where it was running through were called “Civilisation Valley”, and since it was running in curves it became an inspiration for a motive called “meandr” which had been processed on the columns of many antique cities.

Many civilisations had been developed at the surrounding of Buyuk Menderes from Antique Era up to now and cities have been built. All of coastal towns such as Milet, Priene, Myus, Magne- sia, Herakleia benefited from Buyuk Menderes River.

Büyük Menderes river has been bringing plentifulness to the lands it was passing through for centuries, borning from brilliant rivers of Sucikan location positioned at the borders of Dinar county in Afyon city, and falling into into Aegean Seal from Kafa region within National Park borders along 584 km.

Meandros, that is Buyuk Menderes, was flowing into the gulf where Miletos and Priene were watching each other in the past. At this gulf, in 494 BC Persian navy and coalition navy of Greek city states skirmished. In Antique Era the stream that was bringing plentifulness to the region was divined by those living there.

God Meandros caused overflows by its flowing waters in emotion and it caused every location to stay under overflows and fields exposed to great damages. People in Milet had been exposing to big damage depriving of their products and also animals and encountered with starvation. In the course of such desperation, it came to their mind to file a suit against Meandros, God of River.

And they did so. Hence, the first trial in the history between people and god was filed against Meandros who sat in the dock. That was the first thing never done before. However, it was considered as normal in the civilization prominent with its free ideas and smartness.

People in Milet at the end of the case were justified and priest at Apollonian Temple in Didim were acknowledged to compensate damages on behalf of god Meandros. And Milet society adjudicated that Meandros was a fair god. He was as fair as he could accept his mistake.